Watch Queue Queue This stronghold is the largest and most magnificent fort in Cholistan. Name Location Province/Region Date of Completion Ownership / Built by Image Notes Sharda Peeth: Sharda, Neelam District: Azad Kashmir: 724 CE – 760 CE Kashmiri king Lalitaditya: Sharada Peeth is a ruined Hindu temple and ancient centre of learning located in present-day Azad Kashmir. These are excellent examples of Muslim military architecture, similar to those found elsewhere in Pakistan. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. It is a square mud-brick structure. On the north there is an 11 feet wide entrance, on which three rooms are built. It was a 128 feet high square structure, with semi-circular bastions in each corner and the entrance on the east. One comes across a chain of forts, built at 29 km intervals when traveling in the Cholistan Desrt, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. The medieval forts of the Cholistan desert form a remarkable and dense concentration of defensive structures in a relatively small area and an inhospitable landscape of sand and stone. It is a great tourist attraction … a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. She has written on a wide array of topics; however particular areas of interest are social issues, religion, philosophy and presenting a positive image of Pakistan. The area was once well watered by the river Ghaggar now called the Hakra in Pakistan and known in Vedic times as the Sarasvati. The Cholistan desert, or Rohi, is the western part of the Thar desert of the sub-continent which lies in modern Pakistan. Approximately 130 km south of the city of Bahawalpur, the forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in the Cholistan Desert. The Cholistan desert is spread over 10,000 square miles and is 20 miles away from the city of Bhawalpur. A royal graveyard and marble mosque can be found outside the fort. It is thirty kilometer away from Bahawalpur and falls under the province of Punjab. The fort was taken over by the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Sadeq Mohammad Khan I, in 1733 They in turn lost control of the fort in 1747 but took the stronghold back in 1804 and it remained as the desert abode of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur until the 1970s. Derawar Fort and the group of medieval forts of Cholistan are an outstanding representation of the role of water in the play of power in the vast desert region. Derawar Fort, Cholistan To the southeast of Dera Nawab, on the edge of the Cholistan Desert, ... As in most sub continental forts, the courtyard inside the walls is built on top of a maze of underground cellars and dungeons. The explanation for this group of fortifications across the flat sands of the Rohi is presumed to be access to water, protection and control of these important water resources and their relationship to the caravan routes across the desert. Cholistan is desert of Pakistan and its local name is Rohi Desert. Geography. Has experience in technical writing, screenwriting and teaching. Daniel Smith as a colonial militia Indian defense garrisoned by 21 men for Lord Dunmore's War.Named for Col. William Christian who supervised the construction. Cholistan, a desert locally known as Rohi, once used to be home to the Hakra River. It is nearly square covering an area of 300 feet. Mar 30, 2018 - Explore Rocket Tourism's board "Forts in Pakistan" on Pinterest. Presumably destroyed by floods in 1804, it had been built by Sabzal Khan in 1780. "The Derawar fort was also connected to other forts in Cholistan through a network of underground tunnels. It had four sweet water wells outside. It is made of brunt-bricks, rising to 92 feet on all sides having seven bastions. The … the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bilcaner to Khaploo. In the dry season they cluster in temporary villages around the more reliable wells (some up to 30 metres or 100 feet deep). In the scorching summer of the Cholistan desert, the fort's red-bricked facade seems to glow with the heat and is visible for miles. See more ideas about desert travel, pakistan, bahawalpur. Within the fort we saw grand centuries old canons, and my family had a little photo shoot on it. The forts of the Cholistan desert can be categorized as Category 1 Infrastructure according to the thematic study; “facilitating trade and transportation” and functioning as both forts and way-stations. The walls have a length of 1500 meters and stand up to thirty meters high. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for several miles in the Cholistan Desert. Muhammad Maruf Khan began building it in 1743 (His tomb can be found 400 yards south of the fort). It is believed that it stands on a fort built in pre-Islamic time by ‘Dev Rawal’. Survey report points out deterioration, occupation of sites window.tgpQueue.add('tgpli-5fe3c60e19ee0'). It was originally named after him, but later on came to be called Derawer. Pictures of Six Forts out of 12 Forts in Cholistan Bahawalpur. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. They all, however, share a high degree of authenticity of materials, design and craftsmanship and retain attributes that reflect the changes in ownership over time. This property comprises four Nabatean towns with associated fortresses and agricultural landscapes which provide a very complete picture of the Nabatean desert civilisation strung along a trade route. This small but potentially data-rich part of the desert network meets the priority for nomination put forward by the Silk Roads study as the need to capture the desert routes and the broadly eastwest cub-continent routes of Afghanistan-Pakistan-India. Survey report points out deterioration, occupation of sites As a result, for many centuries Derawar has been an essential stopping and watering point for all caravans entering the great desert on route to trading entrepots to the east. The medieval forts of the Cholistan desert landscape are a group of up to a dozen structures, some standing and some deteriorated. Khair Garh Fort Khanpur, Rahim Yar Khan District: Punjab: See also. He became the Nawab of Bhawalpur upon his father’s death in 1907 and ruled till 1966. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2020 Map of Derawar and the Desert Forts of Cholistan . Now the walls and bastions have fallen down. Vous le confirmerez après y avoir vu un peuple aux techniques de fabrication ingénieuses, ses dunes qui produisent des effets inattendus. It has remained under the rulers of Bhawalpur State since the late 18 century. The eastern and southern walls exist as well as some of its bastions. These tangible assets include archeological sites, forts, the unique life style of nomadic people there, the folk music and dance, poetry, rites and rituals; these all things simply reflect a … Her work has been published in many leading newspapers and magazines, and currently writes for the special supplements of 'The Nation'. No clearly disjunct vegetation patterns emerged from these analyses. Derawar fort is the best surviving example of this series of historic forts, some dating from pre-Mughal times, but all restored and expanded from the 16th to 18th century by powerful local clans. We saw old tunnels that supposedly went to the Mahals in Bahawalpur, or even to India. You can’t compile a list of historical forts in Pakistan without mentioning the picturesque Derawar Fort even once. This is a gap which the Desert Forts of Cholistan will help to fill. The Rally route has been extended to 500 kilometres in the Cholistan Desert and also includes major forts of the desert (Dingarh Fort, Marrot Fort, Khan … Derawar fort is the best surviving example of this series of historic forts, some dating from pre-Mughal times, but all restored and expanded from the 16th to 18th century by powerful local clans. Also known as ‘Winjhrot’, it was built by Raja Winjha in 757, but in 1167 Shahbuddin Muhammad Ghori had it taken down. Remains of several structures still exist inside. It was known as ‘Pholra’, but it in 1927 Nawab Sadiq renamed it after his eldest son), among modern houses made from the bricks of the fort. The major axes … Load map. Deep within the Cholistan desert lies the massive Derawar Fort. It was built by Rawal Bhim in 1608 and was called ‘Bhimwar’. A small mosque is found on the eastern half of the fort. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Forts in the United States. Il n’est pas le fruit du hasard. Though … The fort lies in the middle of the empty Cholistan desert, abandoned with all of its history and charisma within. The dilapidating red-bricked fort, which is visible for miles in the vast Cholistan Desert, is surrounded by 30-metre-high bastions along with walls spanning over 1.5 kilometres. Although these forts are located on the other side of the same desert as Derawar and the other Cholistan forts, they represent an entirely different tradition of “forts”. The fort remained in use until the end of Indian hostilities in 1794. It is a large fort situated in the Tehsil of Yazman(Bahawalpur), Pakistan. Ordination (DECORANA) and classificatory techniques (association analysis and TWINSPAN) were used to … A 9 feet wide entrance is provided by the eastern wall. This river, the bed of which can be seen clearly etched into the desert landscape, supported settlements from ca. Derawar, for example, is located at a critical point in the desert where it is possible to access deep water deposits which are all that remains of the ancient Hakra River. 8) Balahisar Fort Peshawar. The fort is situated far away from the densely populated areas and 64 miles away from the Derawar Fort. Restoration of 11 forts in Cholistan recommended. The fortification wall is 8 feet thick and 24 feet high. The fort survived intact due to this constant occupation where many of the others built as part of the medieval desert defence have perished. 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It has double-storied bastions on each corner which are accessible by a winding staircase. More than 100 Racers from all over Pakistan will challenge the sand of the Cholistan in different categories. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! This area is the southern part of More meaningful comparison can be found in the group of isolated 19th c. forts built by the American Army in Texas to protect the western frontier, or the Roman fortifications in the Eastern Desert of Egypt designed to protect the caravan trade from the Red Sea to the Nile. 9) Attock Fort . 3.Baltit Fort. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. The Tentative Lists of States Parties are published by the World Heritage Centre at its website and/or in working documents in order to ensure transparency, access to information and to facilitate harmonization of Tentative Lists at regional and thematic levels. Also known as the Muzaffarabad Fort, this fortress was built by the Chak rulers of Kashmir in the 16th century. The Cholistan Desert also known as Rohi exists in Punjab and is privileged as the largest desert of the Indian.... +92 321 410 6223 info@pakistantravelplaces.com Home There are no adverse effects of development however neglect is an issue at several of the forts. The exterior is relatively well preserved and suggests it is being looked after, alas the interior is quite run down and has suffered the ransacking of it's military past. It is a square fort with a different number of bastions on each side i.e. Cholistan produces very superior type of carpet wool as compared to that produced in other parts of Pakistan. This includes blankets, which is also a local necessity for the desert is not just a land of dust and heat, but winter nights here are very cold, usually below freezing points. Le fort de Derawar est une grande forteresse carrée à Bahawalpur dans la province du Pendjab au Pakistan. There is archaeological evidence that this area was once watered by the Hakra river and was home to an Indus Valley culture based on agriculture. The Nineteen Forts of Cholistan. Derawar Fort is a stronghold located in what is today Bahawalpur, in the Pakistani province of Punjab. It is famous for forts and traditional race festival of Camels. 250 km N-S and 100 km E-W to the east of the historic cities of Bahawalpur and Yazman. By taking a closer look at the fort, you can clearly see the artistic carvings at different spots on the outer and inner structure of the building. It is a mud and brunt-brick structure which is 170 feet high on the inside with octagonal bastions. Bijnot Fort. Although in ruins, most of its original features survive. This was built by Fazal Khan in 1754, however it was said to be demolished by Muhammad Bahawal Khan II in 1805. Other forts include (roughly from north to south) Meergarh, Jaangarh, Marotgarh, Maujgarh, Dingarh, Khangarh, Khairgarh, Bijnotgarh and Islamgarh.These structures form a network across the desert landscape. It has semi-circular bastions, eight each on the north, south and west. This is situated deep in the desert near the Indian Border. Entrance to the fort is provided through the eastern wall, which has an additional bastion. It has an intricate gateway in the eastern wall and an ancient brick-lined well can be found outside near the fort. window.tgpQueue.add('tgpli-5fe3c60e19f5f'). Moreover, the origin of some of the archaeological sites around the fort can be traced to the Indus Valley Civilization. There is archaeological evidence that this area was once watered by the Hakra river and was home to an Indus Valley culture based on agriculture. History of Derawar Fort Cholistan covers an area of 25,800 km 2 (10,000 sq mi) in the Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan districts of southern Punjab. The thickness of the fortification wall is 8 feet. English:Derawar Fort— a large masonry fortress in the Cholistan Desertnear Bahawalpur. The fortification wall is 7 feet thick and the bastions in the corner survive to 19 feet. They bear testimony to the many conflicting princely clans seeking control over water and the taxes and privileges of power associated with control of the lucrative trade and pilgrimage routes which crossed here from Central Asia to northern India. Derawar fort was first built in the 9th century AD by Rai Jajja Bhati, a Hindu ruler of the Bhati clan, as a tribute to Rawal Deoraj Bhati the king of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur. Located about 100 kilometres south of the city of Bahawalpur in Ahmedpur East, this spectacular landmark in the Cholistan Desert dates back to the 9 th century. A damaged slanting brick tower is also present. The ICOMOS thematic study (Williams 2014) points out that “a fundamental issue has always been access to water” (p. It is brick work with high and sloping walls. No comparable property can be found which matches the attributes of the Desert Forts of Cholistan. It consisted of some religious shrines and the temple of Jains. There are remains of structures inside the fort, may richly decorated with tile and fresco work; the Moti or Pearl Mosque stands nearby and the cemetery of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur filled with ornate and elaborate graves. Unseen by much of Pakistan, and oftentimes barely even recognized. Derawar and the other forts illustrate the variety of the forms found from square brick structures with circular corner bastions, to square walls completely faced with semi-circular towers, to rectangular and even hexagonal shaped enclosures with angle bastions and square enclosures within an outer wall with multiple bastions. Let’s take a brief look at them: Bara Fort. It is a square mud-brick structure. Also lacking are the courtly associations and agricultural landscapes; instead their values lie in their bold functionality related to maintaining the desert caravan routes. This is a small square mud structure, with four bastions in each corner that are 60 feet apart. Derawar fort is the best surviving example of this series of historic forts, some dating from pre-Mughal times, but all restored and expanded from the 16th to 18th century by powerful local clans. There used to be dozens of forts on its banks, which have turned into sands over time. The huge walls, supported by enormous round buttresses, stand 40 meters (130 feet) high and are 1.5 … Located in the Bahawalpur Districtof Punjab province, eastern Pakistan. It is a lovely square burnt-brick structure which rose to 114 feet, and was built by Jam Khan Marufani in 1788. Derawar Fort or fortress is the historical monument, standing with the grandeur and beauty. The walls of the fort have 1500 metres of the circumference and stand 30 metres high. Derawar Fort, is a large square fortress in Ahmadpur East Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party. It should be a UNESCO site. The Cholistan desert, or Rohi, is the western part of the Thar desert of the sub-continent which lies in modern Pakistan. The fort of Khairgarh in the desert of Cholistan unfortunately presents a very desolate look. BAHAWALPUR: Forts are a physical representation of our rich cultural history and serve as a reminder to us of the plethora of feats realised by those before us. It is in quite a battered state, yet in the centre remains of a circular watch tower still exists. However, the time has taken a toll on the building of the fort but it still looks as magnificent as … The Rajasthan properties very large and elaborate, enclosing urban centres and palaces with associated courtly culture and arts. Although the precise extent and nature of this network is still being explored, it is clear that it is intimately linked to the routes that were crossed for centuries by desert caravans. This video is unavailable. The region later became a center for caravan trade, leading to the construction of numerous forts in the medieval period to protect trade routes - of which the Derawar Fort is the best preserved example. The structure is made from blocks of limestone, set in local lime mortar. They served to protect and enable the desert caravan routes; mercantile routes from central Asia to the heartland of the sub-continent and pilgrimage routes between Mecca and India. Cholistan, a desert locally known as Rohi, once used to be home to the Hakra River. And camel is called “Plane of Desert”. It is in quite a battered state, yet in the centre remains of a circular watch tower still exists. The place where it was built was supposed to be an ancient site founded by one of the rulers of Chittor during pre-Islamic times. This was also built in 1777 by Lal Khan, another son of Ikhtiyar Khan. It changed many hands before ultimately Nawab Mubarak Khan took over from the ruler of Jaisalmer at the end of the 18th century. Islam Garh Fort – which was originally known as Bheem War Fort – has now been reduced to a shadow of its former self. Now the surviving walls rise to 28 feet, strengthened by bastions in all corners. Now only a pile of mud bricks perhaps can show where it once stood. While the outer  wall encapsulates an inner area which is 155 feet, with three semi-circle bastions which are at the corners. There used to be dozens of forts on its banks, which have turned into sands over time. Les quarante bastions de Derawar sont visibles sur des kilomètres dans le désert du Cholistan. The gate of the fort is on its south side and is reached by a winding road. It was completed by his son Jan Muhammad Khan and his successor Umar Khan in 1757. It took Nur Muhammad Khan three years to build it (1796-99). Cholistan also boasts of many old forts such as Derawar,Vingrot, Banwar, Marcot, Wilhar, Maujgharh, Mao, Phuira and Din-gharh etc. The walls have a perimeter of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high. 2) Baltit Fort situated in Hunza Valley 3) Lahore Fort. At one end of the parade ground, stairs and a … Since then the Cholistan area has been a stark and inhospitable desert environment at the edge of empires. It is this interchange of princely Rajput ideologies and patronage in the arts which form their OUV. 7) Kot Diji Fort. Click here for a short description of the site, as delivered by the state party. Bijnot Fort (Urdu: قِلعہ بِجنوٹ ‎), is a ruined fortress located in Bahawalpur District of Punjab, Pakistan, 23 kilometres (14 miles) west of Indo-Pakistani border in Cholistan Desert.The fort was founded by Khair Panwar Rajputs, who also ruled at forts of Khairpur and Khairgarh. The existing walls are 7 feet thick and 8 feet high. A site worth a visit if you like history and architecture. 10 Locations 0 Reviews 3 Visitors. This is a mud-brick structure and was built by Ali Murad Pirjani in 1767. A detailed entrance can be found on the eastern side, with a 47 feet long passage bordered by domed rooms on the side. It only has one surviving bastion rising to 16 feet. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. window.tgpQueue.add('tgpli-5fe3c60e19f40'). Derawar and the Desert Forts of Cholistan is part of the Tentative list of Pakistan in order to qualify for inclusion in the World Heritage List. N-S and 100 km from Bahawalpur, in the 16th century moreover the... By Fazal Khan in 1754, however it was captured in 1766 by Ikhtiyar Khan Khan V,... Derawar est une grande forteresse carrée à Bahawalpur dans la province du Pendjab au Pakistan Ikhtiyar. Forts, including the Derawar fort or fortress is the historical monument, standing the... 1777 by Lal Khan, who was the son of Kabir Khan Achrani in 1772 28,! Extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall the Derawar... No comparable property can be found 400 yards south of the fortification wall is 8 feet Cholistan in different.. 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